Thursday, August 27, 2020

The Process Of Close Reading While Using Rhetorical Analysis Example For Students

The Process Of Close Reading While Using Rhetorical Analysis Outline1 Introduction to Close Reading Rhetorical Analysis2 The Active Reading Process3 The Close Reading Process while Reading Young4 Conclusion Prologue to Close Reading Rhetorical Analysis The nearby perusing procedure of an explanatory examination remembers separating an exposition into various parts for request to make a specific effect towards the peruser. In the article, â€Å"Should Writer’s Use They Own,† Young uses assorted language to address code coinciding. Young’s explanatory intrigue in the article converge with my perusing encounters by making a troublesome read, that makes me need to set aside the effort to distinguish the author’s key focuses inside the article. The article presents two unique situations in the issue, regardless of whether understudies ought to be permitted to utilize their local language while composing papers for school. The slang words Young uses help catch my consideration all through the article. As the article goes to and fro introducing both Fish’s and Young’s contentions, which make it hard to monitor who has better contentions. It is hard to unmistakably the article on the grounds that t he article is focused towards teachers. Cooperating with assorted language remembers separating a composed paper into segments for request to recognize the author’s by and large reason. All through, my perusing procedure of the article, I had the option to see my capacity of perusing troublesome content. The Active Reading Process We will compose a custom article on The Process Of Close Reading While Using Rhetorical Analysis explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now The dynamic perusing process starts with the demonstration of explanation. The demonstration of commenting on enables the peruser to separate the paper so as to make it more clear the author’s generally speaking expectation. The procedure of comment should be possible from numerous points of view. I explained Young’s article by including notes and remarks sides of the paper to me recognize key focuses inside the article. In my procedure of effectively perusing Young’s article, I explained the article by featuring phrases, which I thought were key focuses to assist me with recognizing the general reason for the article. I additionally made side notes that assist me with recognizing whose contention was being expressed. When featuring, I utilized two distinct highlighters to recognize Young’s and Fish’s contentions. My explanation procedure of the article was like my past commenting on procedures of different articles as I used to same strategy of fea turing key focuses and making side notes on the sides of the paper. As a peruser I accept that the comment procedure never shows signs of change, yet the main contrast is that a few articles might be a lot harder to clarify or require a more extended opportunity to do In the wake of commenting on the article I anticipated that the author’s generally speaking contention inside the article is whether journalists should utilize their own language when composing. He talks about whether understudies ought to reserve a privilege to their own local language when composing or whether one’s local language makes one helpless against partiality. The key contention is expressed in the title of the contention and featured all through the paper as Young presents his position on the issue and replies cases of the rival side that Fish makes. Fish’s states that one’s language can make one defenseless against preference as he utilizes the case of an individual getting terminated for not having the option to communicate in English. Youthful restricts the contention and states that language shouldn’t be an issue everybody ought to be available to different people’s local dialects. He proposes that we should attempt to learn different dialects so as to impart better, yet then restricts Fish’s contention by introducing code fitting, which can be an option for individuals to utilize. Code cross section would permit individuals to twist dialects when composing. The Close Reading Process while Reading Young The nearby perusing process incorporates picking cites that one accepts feature the fundamental thoughts of the paper. While perusing the article I pick four entries from the article that I accepted characterized the general reason for the article. Fish says, â€Å"When people don’t land no positions or get terminated or whatever cuz they talk and compose Asian or dark or with an Applachian articulation or sound like whatever aint the status quo,† (110) which shows that he accepts that individuals make themselves focuses to prejudice since they don’t realize how to compose or communicate in English accurately. Fish presents individuals being helpless against partiality when individuals don’t realize how to communicate in English without battling. He likewise expresses that, â€Å"Multicultural† ought to be excited to leave they own vernacular and get familiar with another, the one he promote,† (111) in which he stresses his general situation i n the issue, that others ought not be permitted to utilize their own English since they should put forth an attempt to gain proficiency with another dialect that will profit them. .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765 , .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765 .postImageUrl , .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765 .focused content region { min-stature: 80px; position: relative; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765 , .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765:hover , .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765:visited , .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765:active { border:0!important; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765 .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765 { show: square; progress: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-change: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; murkiness: 1; progress: darkness 250ms; webkit-progress: haziness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765:active , .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765:hover { mistiness: 1; change: obscurity 250ms; webkit-change: darkness 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765 .focused content territory { width: 100%; position: relat ive; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765 .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: intense; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; text-beautification: underline; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765 .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; text style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765 .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; outskirt range: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; textual style weight: striking; line-tallness: 26px; moz-fringe span: 3px; text-adjust: focus; text-improvement: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-tallness: 80px; foundation: url( arrow.png)no-rehash; position: supreme; right: 0; top: 0; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282 e18ad7c886765 .focused content { show: table; tallness: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .ua5b19d2f698219f1282e18ad7c886765:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Analysis of Consumer Decision Making ProcessYoung then contradicts his announcement by saying, â€Å"Yet, even people with steady employments in the corporate world dont adhere to no standard English†¦What we have to do is expand our viewpoint about what great writin is and how acceptable writin can see work, at home, and at school,† (111-112) introducing his position on the issue as he suggests that as opposed to compelling others to consummate their English why shouldn’t be simply extend our own point of view in light of the fact that not even the individuals who have steady employments communicate in English tot ally Young contends Fish’s contention of constraining others to consummate their English by expressing that numerous individuals that communicate in English don’t ace all the guidelines of language even with various long periods of examining. He expresses that even educators of colleges that show others don’t talk and write in Standard English, so why other people who don’t have similar instruction be compelled to consummate their own English. Youthful at that point proposes an option in contrast to the issue by introducing code fitting, â€Å"It’s blendin two or mo vernaculars, dialects, or explanatory structures into one sentence, on paper†¦it’s multidialectalism and pluralingualism in one discourse art,† (114). Code coinciding is an answer for the individuals who experience difficulty overwhelming Standard English. Code coinciding permits them to have the option to utilize their local language while mixing it with English. Cod e cross section can likewise be utilized as an explanatory style of culture when composing. I collaborated with the announcements Young made in the article over why code cross section ought to be permitted in light of the fact that English isn't my first language and I recollect the amount I battled during the time spent learning it. Get familiar with another dialect requires significant investment and practice. Indeed, even with the numerous long periods of instruction that I have taken, I despite everything battle at some point with certain words and think that its simpler to state the words in SpanishWhen Fish expressed that numerous individuals land terminated from the positions or don’t find a new line of work since they don’t speak Standard English it hit home. My mother consistently says, â€Å"Aunque a veces me canso de mi trabajo, no es fã ¡cil decir ya me voy porque para encontrar otra trabajo serã ­a muy difã ­cil porque no se el English bien,† which implies that she can’t effectively leave her activity and search for another in lig ht of the fact that she can’t communicate in English fluidly. I feel that is significant for us, those whose first language isn't English, to have a privilege in communicating our local language, yet we do likewise need to figure out how to rule English. My pred

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Gender Equality During Enlightenment free essay sample

The Age of Enlightenment (Age of Reason) was a social development of savants in the seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years. I don't accept there was sex equity, during the Enlightenment. Intelligent people, for example, Mary Wollstonecraft and Mary Astell distributed works dependent on their convictions in the absence of women’s rights in their general public. Both, Wollstonecraft and Astell, demonstrate that sexual orientation uniformity didn't exist in England during pre and post Revolution. Likewise Enlightenment mastermind Jean Jacques Rousseau from Switzerland deduces in his compositions that men’s statuses are ethically unrivaled. His convictions bolster sex disparity during the Enlightenment. The truth of the matter is that during the Enlightenment ladies were not by any means the only ones with the absence of rights. Men likewise accepted their privileges were not supported. John Locke was an English scholar who had faith in normal rights. These were rights to life, freedom, and property. In any case, in the event that we look at his hypothesis of characteristic rights he just tends to men. We will compose a custom article test on Sexual orientation Equality During Enlightenment or on the other hand any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The normal rights state â€Å"every Man has the option to.. † denying these rights to ladies. John Locke legitimizes ladies disparity through his characteristic rights hypothesis. Mary Wollstonecraft was a women's activist in England during the Enlightenment. She distributed A Vindication to Rights of Women in 1791, post Revolution. In her composing she clarifies ladies in her time are denied their potential in the public eye. For instance she expresses the disregard of girls’ training. She accepts ladies ought to have equivalent instruction to men. Wollstonecraft additionally subtleties the different manners by which ladies are subordinate. To help this she states they are instructed that their looks are of preeminent concern, and they will in general develop shortcoming. She continues clarifying how ladies are â€Å"helpless adornments† in their general public. Wollstonecraft speculates women’s absence of rights originate from their low status in the public arena and lacking training. Like Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Astell was a women's activist during the Enlightenment in England. To help her convictions in the absence of women’s rights she distributed Serious Proposal to the Ladies, which comprised of a few books. In her books Astell legitimizes ladies ought to approach training. She thinks about men’s instruction to the absence of ladies training. Astell accepts ladies can utilize reason and rationale. Mary Astell had a strict job in the Enlightenment. She pronounces ladies rights ought to be given by God. She bolsters her confidence in disparity by conjecturing if men are brought into the world free ladies ought to be brought into the world free. Her works underline the absence of women’s rights during the Enlightenment. Jean Jacques Rousseau was a logician in Switzerland who distributed Emilie in 1762. Emilie was composed to legitimize the distinction among people. In the story, Rousseau illuminates perusers ladies are made to please and to be enslaved to men. Rousseau continuesâ his convictions and questions how individuals neglect to see that ladies and men are so inconsistent. He follows that they ought not have similar training. Rousseau’s works legitimize that he doesn't put stock in sexual orientation correspondence. During the Enlightenment sexual orientation uniformity didn't exist. A few logicians, for example, Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Astell, John Locke, and Jean Jacques Rousseauâ justify sexual orientation disparity through their compositions and all utilized precise proof that exhibited such philosophy. A portion of the focuses demonstrated by these works were the absence of training, just as the regular ways of life and being for ladies. Happenstance, I think not, clearly ladies didn't have the equivalent privileges of men. Indeed, even men in explicitly were supported and guarded in the normal rights. My inquiry is the place are the characteristic privileges of ladies expressed? Indeed, even in current society in spite of the fact that administration has been advancing just as the privileges of ladies we still can't seem to accomplish the equalization and prevalence that men have consistently had.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Concept Essay Topics That Will Stand Out

Concept Essay Topics That Will Stand OutAs a student who is trying to decide on which topic essays to write for his college entrance examination, you will need to make some decisions as to the type of essay topics that are suitable for your needs. There are many different types of topics that you can choose from. You will have to decide whether you want to focus on an academic subject or are looking for more general topics that can be used in various fields. In order to decide on which one of these topics will be suitable for your essay, you will need to determine what type of essay you will need.Before you decide on what topic to write for your essays, it is a good idea to check with your teacher so that you can find out what topics will be appropriate for your level of education. Your teacher can also give you a list of topics that he feels will be appropriate for your level of education. For example, if you are not currently in college, your teacher may think that you should not f ocus on subjects that you are presently interested in. For that reason, it is important that you choose the topics that you are interested in.When deciding on which topic you are going to focus on, it is important that you take into consideration your strengths and weaknesses. By focusing on topics that you are weak in, you will be able to cover all of the information that you have acquired throughout your high school career. You will be able to emphasize certain points that you are weak in by highlighting those strengths that you possess.The best thing that you can do is to take a look at your overall ability. If you have a very good ability when it comes to mathematics, you should choose topics that are of interest to you, like topics on math and science. This is a great way to ensure that you will be able to cover all of the necessary information for the college entrance exam.Although you may be thinking that there are certain subjects that you are interestedin, you may not be aw are of them. Therefore, you will need to find out more about the topic in order to get an idea of how it can benefit you. If you are unsure about something, you should ask your teacher for help.Before you choose the topic, you should spend some time researching it on the internet so that you will know about what topics are appropriate for your current situation. You should also compare the information you get from your online research to that which you get from your teacher. This will allow you to make a better decision about what topic you should focus on.Your essay should be well written so that it will stand out in front of all of the other applications that you will receive. In order to make sure that you are writing an excellent piece of essay, you should try to highlight all of the things that you do well. This will give you an edge over the rest of the competition.By choosing the right type of topic, you will be able to make sure that you are not on the bottom of the class. Y ou will be able to focus on the areas that you are weak in and to be able to cover the necessary information that you need to take your college entrance exam. Your essay will also be of interest to the reader, making it more likely that you will be accepted into the college that you are applying to.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Essay on The Great Depression, Annotated Bibliography

Cecchetti, Stephen G. Understanding the Great Depression: Lessons for Current Policy . Monetary Economics (1997): 1-26. This article is about the circumstances that led to the collapse of the economy in 1929. It relates to my research proposal because I am evaluating historic events that led to the financial crisis of 1929. The article discusses how deflation played an important role in expanding the depression, and how the Gold Standard, a monetary system in which a country’s government allows its currency unit to be freely converted into fixed amounts of gold and vice versa, was an extremely bad decision because it caused the dollar to lose its value. This source was informal because it discusses prehistoric events that led to the†¦show more content†¦This newspaper by the New York Times was published a week after the crash, which gives me straight up information on what exactly happened at that time. Kindleberger, Charles P. The World in Depression 1929-1939. University of California Press, 1986. This source is about what caused the financial crash of 1929. The three factors that shaped the Global Financial Markets: panic, the power of contagion, and the importance of hegemony that led to the world in depression from 1929 to 1939. Hegemony is the state of power or influence over others. I like how this source includes hegemony because generally the financial markets always wants to control people and allow them to think that the economy is always in a good shape. It describes the economics of the Great Depression. This source relates to my topic because it describes that the depression was caused by a lack of stable international, economic structure. I like how this source also describes the flawed Gold Standard. Klingaman, William K. 1929 The Year of the Great Crash. Harper Row, 1989. This source discusses the great crash of 1929. The year 1929 saw the peak of the roaring ‘20s which was known as the â€Å"Bull Market† and the stock market collapse that led to the Great Depression. This source also discusses how one third of the U.S. workforce was unemployed which is also a reason forShow MoreRelatedThe Overuse of Technology in Our Daily Life Essay1452 Words   |  6 Pagesa day? The answer for this question will bring a lot of negative answers, and of course if we ask this question in a survey, â€Å"NO† will be the winner of this survey. Talking about the use of technology reminded me one of the sources from my annotated bibliography by Amy Petersen, who is the Theatre and Media Arts Department Chair and Associate Professor in the College of Fine Arts and Communications at Brigham Young University. 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Every time I hear the words â€Å"scholarly writing†, I think of Aristotle and Socrates for some reason, These two famous men from the beginning of antiquity, have impacted our souls and minds with such great wisdom, such as education and medical teachings that one can only imagine and this imagination for me is what I will sent out to achieve and finally turn an imagination into a dream, which will then turn into scholarly writing and finally into realityRead MoreAnalysis Of The Roaring Twenties 1328 Words   |  6 Pagesbetter life. The Great Depression Luckily Ricardo let go his farm in the south. In the beginning of the 1930s the United States was hit by the biggest drought it has experienced. The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent wind erosion caused the phenomenon. The great depression also marked aRead MoreAnnotated Bib1556 Words   |  7 PagesSteffane Salters Annotated Bibliography Huey, M. amp; Mcnulty, T. (2005). Institutional Conditions and Prison Suicide: Conditional Effects of Deprivation and Overcrowding. The Prison Journal, 85(4), 490-515.doi:10.1177/0032885505282258. Sage Publications. The article studies the correlation between violence, mainly suicide, and the effects of prison overcrowding as it relates to prisoners, the economy and communities outside of prison. The author uses national data on prisons in the U.S in orderRead MoreEmily Clunan. Mrs. Bell. Annotated Bibliography. General951 Words   |  4 PagesEmily Clunan Mrs. Bell Annotated Bibliography General Psychology/ Spring 2017 3 April, 2017 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder For this paper I have chosen obsessive compulsive disorder. According to, (2017), â€Å"Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, images, and sensations (obsessions) and engage in behaviors or mental acts in response to these thoughts or obsessions.† This topic is one that I find veryRead MoreEssay Outlne on Cyber Bulying on Social Networks855 Words   |  4 Pagesschool districts with anti-cyber bullying speakers Those who have been attacked need support of others to help them through this unfortunate crisis in time. Individuals need to be set up with support in order to prevent unwanted depression or suicide Annotated Bibliography Geach, N., Haralambous, N., (2009). Regulating Harassment: Is the Law Fit for the Social Networking Age?. The Journal of Criminal Law, 73 JCL 241–257. The following article discusses how the existing harassment legislationRead MoreEssay on Water for Elephants1427 Words   |  6 PagesNovel Study Annotated Bibliography Gruen, Sara. Water for Elephants. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill: Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 2006. The story follows Jacob Jankowski who was an old man living in a nursing home, as he looks back about a time that defined his life. In the 1930’s, 23-year-old Jacob’s life changed drastically. One minute he was finishing his Veterinarian degree at Cornell and planning to follow his father in the family business. The next his parents passed away in a car

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Henry David Thoreau Idealism And Existentialism

Idealism and Existentialism consolidate together in Henry David Thoreau’s work, Walking. His ethic is no other than of a man that has come to his full- senses, seeing the world from the most narrow space that society have to offer, he expanded that space and went into a journey that every man should take, a journey of self-discovery and understanding of nature. Thoreau’s Walking solves the question that we all may consider of doing before making an action. How to do it? is described in Walking, as waking itself being the reliable source of power that a human can take in order to reach this primarily point of Transcendentalism. He himself would have to discover one of the many routes that self-understanding of who you are and what is it†¦show more content†¦Thoreau’s Walking is plagued by passages in which he cries out to the charms of Nature. He describes with the most exquisite sensibility some of the scenes of the wildlife or the things he sees while walking, however, he elevates us, allows us leaving aside the obligations of society and invites us to merge with it. In his brief beginning the description of â€Å"Sainte-terrer† suits him in his composure of a philanthropist. The reason being is as he refers â€Å" seeking the shortest course to the sea† is what all men must do. The ocean full of mysteries is the entrepreneurial landscape of what we can see and obtain knowledge from. As how the new continent was for Colon, the only man at the time that actually dependent of himself and his own thoughts and went against what Society told him. Labeling him of crazy and suicidal he is known remembered for making one of the greatest discovery of human history. In his work Walking, he proposes that we undertake through it an absolutely free path, always moving forward, without seeking to return home, because it is about being at home everywhere. He considers that Nature invites us to live in the present, to savor every moment, every dawn. He finds in it the sweetest society in which a man can have a symbiotic relation with Nature, like two friends having a beer together. Nature and Man can become one when the human truly approaches it. Enviving the essence of the pure andShow MoreRelatedThe Search For Truth in Into the Wild by John Krakauer1983 Words   |  8 Pagesin challenging himself. He was a successful cross-country runner that would lead the team into paths where they often got lost (.info web). Not only was he driven, he had a profound respect for his favorite authors, Jack London, Leo Tolstoy and Henry Thoreau. In which they influenced him heavily throughout his life. Immediately after graduating, with honors, from Emory University in the summer of 1990, [Christopher] McCandless dropped out of sight(Krakauer n.p.). McCandless longed for something

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Affordable Care Act ( Aca ) Shift American Health Care

Affordable Care Act (ACA) shift American health care system.The Institue of Medicine (IOM) report recommends the future of nursing are one of the important workforces leading the change. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) sponsored the Initiative on the Future of Nursing (IFN) research in America (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of... n.d.). In this essay, the student will discuss the IOM report on the IFN leading healthcare system reform. And Acknowledge the significance of nursing workforce development related to the nursing shortage, nursing education, leadership and nursing practice. Also, interduce the goals of State of Arizona action coalitions on future of nursing campaigns and how to overcome the†¦show more content†¦Nurses also can Redesign nursing education (Nursing s role in health care reform - American Nurse Today. n.d.). According to the IOM Report, nursing is the heart of the American health care system.And the nurses should continue their education to match the needs of the future people s health needs (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of...n.d.). Nurses play and important role in the health care system. Nurses have excellent inherent to manage change to improve the health care system (The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health. n.d.). They can be as innovators to lead changes. Nurses understand how to approach care and enhance quality at the lower cost (Nursing s role in health care reform - American Nurse Today. n.d.). They can engage in research to Generate evidence-based practice and help shape the quality and safety through collecting and tracking data to enhance care. Nursing research benefits create the logical framework for clinical usage, prevention, and improved patient outcomes. Nurses can Redesign nursing education (Nursing s role in health care reform - American Nurse Today. n.d.). All nurses should to maintain necessary competencies to match the requirements of the population aging and various culture and community health care needs, (Nursing s role in health care reform - American Nurse Today. n.d. ). The IOM report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, is the blueprint

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Business Plan for Start-up of Restaurant

Question: Describe about the Business Plan for Start-up of Restaurant. Answer: Introduction The aim of this report is understand the business plan for the company which is going to operate its business in the market. The objective of this report is to identify the business opportunities for the company. The idea of business plan is like plans of business formulation. The business plan of the company includes approaching investors for the loans and funds. If the company is going to operate the business in partnership, then the business plan is necessary to measure the performance for achieving goals and objectives of the company (Egerton-Thomas, 2006). A proper business plan is helpful to know that what are the objectives the company has to meet and what is the situation of the company after the financial year. It also includes the actions which can be taken if objectives of the company are not met. In this report, a business plan is made for such company which is recently going to start the business. In the business plan, all the necessary aspects such as business plan anal ysis, financial analysis, opportunities, goals, and completion of the objectives are included. This business plan will be able to describe the entrepreneurial vision regarding operations and the strategy of the proposed company (Barringer, Ireland, 2010). Business plan analysis: Measuring Feasibility Setting up a business is a very critical process for an entrepreneur and by the proper planning of setting up the business is most important for the success of the company. It is not enough to generate only idea of business plan. The idea of the business should also be feasible in some perspective such as market, legal and financial perspective. So it is important to analyze the business plan of the company before implementing. The business plan should be analyzed in the term of market feasibility, human resource feasibility, technical feasibility and financial feasibility. In this report the idea of business plan is for start up a restaurant in Australia (Westhead, Wright, McElwee, 2011). Market feasibility In the feasibility analysis, market analysis is the most important part. It gives the business idea related to product and service which will be offered to the customers. In the market feasibility test, there are some questions for implementing business idea such as does the business which is proposed sounds profitable, does the business has ability to compete with the competitors in the market, and what is the need of this business proposal etc. These entire questions can be answered by the analysis of market feasibility. The observation of market feasibility will be helpful in identifying the perceptions and opinions of buyers related to proposed business. By the research done on the customers group, the customers in Australia have appreciated the idea of the restaurant. The positive response of the customers towards the idea of opening new restaurant supports the market feasibility. So, from the customers view point, the proposal of the restaurant in Australia is a good and attrac tive proposal. By the positive response of the customers, it can be said that the business of the restaurant will gain profit and the demand of this restaurant will be increase in the Australian restaurant industry (Bowling, 2016). Along with this, for analyzing market feasibility, there is important to look on the competition structure. The capital of Australia, Canberra is full of the good restaurants and there will be a great competition for the new business in the Australian restaurant industry. There is availability of every type of food such as Indian, America, Japanese, and Korean food varieties. It is very popular country for different foods. There are many famous food destination in the city Canberra i.e. Courgette Restaurant, Temporada, The cupping room, Aubergine and Morks etc. These restaurants are highly ranked by the tourists and visitors from different countries (visitcanberra, 2016). For testing the feasibility for the restaurant plan, the analysis of the competitors and their performance in market has been analyzed: Table 1: Comprehensive study of competitors Name Food type Theme Service ratings Food ratings Venue ratings Environ-ment Price range Courgette Restaurant European Romantic Ambience, business meetings 4.5 4.5 4.5 4 $6-$10 (reasonable and affordable) Temporada Contemporary, Australian Special occasions, Bar scenes 4.5 4.5 4 4 $10-$15 The cupping room International Child-friendly, local food 4 4.5 4 4 $3-$10 Aubergine European Romantic, Special occassion 4.5 4.5 4 4.5 $6-$10 Morks Asian, Thai Child-friendly, romantic 4.5 4.5 4 4 $1-$4 Along with the analysis of competitors, the services of the restaurant include financial services, tourism, hospitality and many more services. There are high chances of growth in the Australian restaurant industry. The good economy of the country and well established tourism industry are the factors which indicate the success of proposed business plan. Restaurant is planned to open in Canberra and this is very important city for the business because this is the capital of Australia and it is also important city for overall economy of the Australia (Groucut, Leadley Forsyth, 2004). Technical feasibility Technical feasibility of the proposed business plan includes the technical requirements that are needed for the operating the business in the market. The business plan for the proposed business should be planned effectively so that when the company will be able to face the difficulties while operating the business. There can be many difficulties in the business such as difficulties during the order, billing of the payments, viewing order history, and slow down the server etc. technical feasibility is the study of details of delivered products and services such labor, material, required technologies, and location of the business etc (Wolfe, 2016). The analysis of the technical feasibility can be done on the basis of some points: Physical location- The proposed business plan is for the opening of restaurant in Australia. The city for the restaurant is choosing Canberra, the capital of Australia. The reason of choosing this city is that the city is surrounded by different establishments such as many schools, banks, call centers, and many government places. Along with this, the city is the key of growth and success because of strong economy (Burk, 2007). Labor: For the operating of the restaurant, sufficient staff is required. The required staff would be head chef, Chef, Assistant cooks, Waiters, Reception and counter staff and Reception and counter staff. For the filling the staff, the hiring should be done by the public notice. Materials: For operating the business of restaurants, there are requirements of some materials. The materials would be required i.e. office supplies, kitchen equipments, kitchen utensils, maintenance equipments, materials for advertisings such as hoardings, paints etc, furniture and fixture and store equipments (Newman, 2008). Human feasibility The main aim of human feasibility is to identify the availability of proper sills and sufficient resources so that the company can bring best services in the market. Analysis of human feasibility includes no-financial factors which are important for the business operations. There can be two main issues in human feasibility such as sufficiency of resources and management competence. For evaluating the sufficiency of resources, it is very important to identify non-financial resources which give idea to move ahead in the market (Godsmark, Garvey Dismore, 2011). The resources for the new business can be support of government, quality of workforce, customers, competitors and suppliers etc. If there is no sufficient availability of resources, then the idea should be developed again. On the other hand, for evaluating management competence, the capabilities of the management team should be analyzed on the basis of their expertise to launch new business (Bangs, 2002). If the customers are continuously arriving into the restaurant then a well maintained staff will be needed to provide the services. The description of staff can be: Table 2: Required number of staff Staff Name Required number of persons Head chef 1 (expert in ordered menu and food) Chef 5 (expert in each food) Assistant cooks 5 Waiters 10 Reception and counter staff 1 Manager 1 The main management team will be distributed between three parts such as administration, finance and marketing. Along with this, the growth of the company is also depending upon sales and marketing activities. The decisions of the company should be taken on the basis of the companys mission and vision statements so the company will not face any difficulties in future (Hitt, Ireland Hoskisson, 2007). The staff in the company should be recruited by the public notice about the recruitment process. The duties should be given to the staff members according to their knowledge, experience, abilities and creativity. Members of the restaurant should respect to each other. People in the company should build a better atmosphere to provide better customer services. This idea will be helpful for the current staff members as well as new members who will be hired by the company (Baraban Durocher, 2010). Financial analysis The financial analysis of the proposed plan provides a framework of the business proposal to acquire funds. This element gives financial support to the proposed business plan. This financial plan is an estimation of required fund for the business operation of restaurant. It is estimated that the $300,000 will be acquired by short term loans and $50,500 will come from the owner of the business. It is assumed that the profit of the restaurant will be dependent on the nature of the growth (Dayananda, 2002). Start-up funding: For start-up the restaurant, the fund will come from owner and short-term loans. The total fund for start-up is described below: Table 3: Required fund Capital Amount Owner equity $50,500 Short term loan $300,000 Total investment $350,000 Start-up expenses ($275,500) Total capital $75,000 Total capital and liabilities $75,000 Total fund $350,000 Key assumptions: The financial plan of every company is based on some assumptions. For this proposed business plan, the key assumptions are as follows: Australia is the country of high-growth economy and the average per day traffic in the city will be 567 individual. It is assumed that there will be no expected changes in the popularity of restaurant. Food for the two people in the restaurant will be in range of $20-$30. The average cost per head of meal will be $15 per meal. The cost of alcohol per head will be $15. It is assumed that the gross profit margin of the restaurant will be 30%. It is assumed that the arrival of the customers in the bar section is 20% of total arrival in the restaurant (Best, 2010). Estimation of the sales revenue of restaurant is given below: Table 4: Sales revenue Year 2016 2017 Revenue of food section Estimated customer per year 273510 314475 Revenue per head 18 20 Total revenue 4923180 6289500 Revenue of bar section year order restaurant year food 2016 10 54702 547020 3654094 2017 10.5 62895 660397.5 4374347 Sales forecast: The sales forecast of the proposed restaurant for two years is described below: Table 5: Sales Forecast Sales Forecast Year 2016 2017 Units 328,212 377,370 Sales value @$1000/unit 5,957,048 7,534,192 Sales policy Cash flow on sales 5,957,048 7,534,192 Cost of goods 3,654,094 4,374,347 Supplier payment policy Cash flow of cost of goods 3,654,094 4,374,347 Cash flow of the proposed project: Table 6: cash flow Cash Flow Forecast Year 0 2016 2017 Cash Inflows Cash from sales 5,957,048 7,534,192 Loan from directors 300,000 Share capital 50,500 Other external loans Other cash inflows Total cash inflow 350,500 5,957,048 7,534,192 Cash Outflows Payment of materials 0 3,654,094 4,374,347 Operating expenses Rent (premises) 9,000 65,340 71,874 Salaries and wages 0 380,880 438,012 Other expenses 0 110,214 121,434 Interest and bank charges 0 20,000 10,000 Other payments 0 0 0 Corporate tax 420,733 431,092 Survey cost in market 10,000 Other preliminary expenses 140,000 Capital expenditure Plant and other expenditures 21,500 Repayments of finance Loan repayments 100,000 100,000 Dividends 0 0 0 Total cash outflows 180,500 4,751,261 5,546,759 Summary Net cash flow 170,000 1,205,787 1,987,433 Opening balance 0 1,907,233 3,113,020 Closing balance 170,000 3,113,020 5,100,452 Estimated profit and loss: The statement of profit and loss is an estimated statement to calculate the total revenue, cost of goods and services, and total expenses which incurred during the business operation in a particular time period. The profit and loss statement identifies the capability of the business to generate revenue and profit. It is also known as the income statement. All the numbers used in the profit and loss statement is assumed for the business operations (Walker, 2007). For the business proposal of restaurant, the estimated profit and loss statement is given below: Table 7: Profit loss statement Income and expenses 0 1 2 General expenses 110,214 121,434 Payable bank charges 20,000 10,000 Lease payments 0 0 Depreciation 2150 2150 Other expenses Total expenses 9,000 578,584 643,470 Profit before tax 9,000 1,724,370 2,516,375 Tax (25%) 431,092 629,094 Profit after tax 1,293,277 1,887,281 Dividends 0 0 0 Transfer to reserves 1,293,277 1,887,281 Balance sheet Assets Fixed assets Building 0 0 0 Furniture 21,500 15,050 12,900 Vehicles 0 0 0 Plant Machinery 0 0 0 Net Fixed Assets 21,500 15,050 12,900 Current assets Stock 211,957 364,529 0 Debtors 0 496,421 627,849 Cash 170,00 0 3,113,02 0 5,100,452 Other Rent 9,000 65,340 71,874 Market survey cost 10,000 Other preliminary expenses 140,00 0 Total 540,957 4,039,309 5,800,175 Current liabilities Taxation 431,092 629,094 Total 431,092 629,094 Total assets-current liabilities 3,623,267 5,183,982 Liabilities Share cap 50,500 50,500 50,500 Reserves 2,555,477 4,442,758 Total equity 50,500 2,605,977 4,493,258 Loans 300,000 100,000 0 Total 350,500 2,705,977 4,493,258 Break-even analysis: Break even analysis is the calculation of the volume of the sales for identifying the cost. In the analysis, lower sales volume indicates that the break-even point would be unprofitable and higher sales volume indicates that the break-even point would be profitable. The analysis is based on the relationship between the fixed cost, variable cost and selling price. By the analysis of break-even point in the restaurant, it will be identified that the restaurant is by how much sales, the restaurant will be able to gain profit (Wong, 2010). The break-even point can be calculated by the formula: Break-even point= Fixed cost/ (selling price-variable costs) Figure 1: Break-even point The break-even point for the proposed restaurant is given in the chart which is estimating level of sales volume. It shows the project attractiveness for investment. Payback period: Payback period is the technique of financial evaluation. It is used to analyze that in how much time, the company is able to return the loans and investments. It is also known as non-discounted technique. In this proposed business plan, to start-up the required fund is $350,000. The required capital will be recovered by gaining profit. To analyze the payback period for the proposed plan, the calculation is given below: Table 8: Payback period Year Net profit Cumulative net profit 2015 $143,258 $143,258 2016 $460,848 $604,106 2017 $879,710 $1,483,816 Payback period= 2+ (350,500-143,258)/460,846 = 2.4 years or 2 years and 5 months Payback period of the company is low. So, it is a right business to be invested. Conclusion (Assessment of business development proposal) This report is based on the business plan of a restaurant which is opening in the city Canberra, the capital of Australia. For this proposal, market research has been done. For the success of the business plan, the feasibility of market, human resource, technical and financial has been tested. From the above analysis, it has been observed that the idea of the business plan is good and will be successful. 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